Located in the heart of The Hague, Netherlands, the Mauritshuis Museum is a world-renowned art museum that showcases an exquisite collection of Dutch Golden Age paintings. Housed in a 17th-century building, the museum offers visitors a unique opportunity to explore the works of some of the most celebrated Dutch artists, such as Johannes Vermeer, Rembrandt van Rijn, and Jan Steen. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the history of the Mauritshuis, its remarkable art collection, and the experience of visiting this exceptional museum.
The Mauritshuis was originally built as a residence for Count Johan Maurits of Nassau-Siegen, the governor of Dutch Brazil, between 1636 and 1641. The building was designed by Dutch architects Jacob van Campen and Pieter Post, who were also responsible for several other notable buildings in the Netherlands, such as the Royal Palace in Amsterdam. The Mauritshuis was constructed in the Dutch Classicist style, featuring a symmetrical facade, red bricks, and sandstone decorations.
In 1704, the Mauritshuis was purchased by the Dutch government and was subsequently used for various purposes, including as a residence for foreign ambassadors and a hotel for royal guests. In 1820, the building was transformed into a museum, and in 1822, it officially opened its doors to the public as the Royal Cabinet of Paintings.
Over the years, the Mauritshuis has undergone several renovations and expansions, most notably in 2014 when the museum was reopened after a two-year renovation project. This renovation included the construction of an underground foyer that connects the Mauritshuis to the adjacent building, the Royal Dutch Shell Wing, which now houses temporary exhibitions and educational facilities.
The Mauritshuis Museum boasts a remarkable collection of approximately 800 paintings, primarily focusing on Dutch and Flemish art from the 17th century. Some of the most famous works in the collection include:
"Girl with a Pearl Earring" by Johannes Vermeer: Often referred to as the "Mona Lisa of the North," this enigmatic painting from 1665 is undoubtedly the most famous piece in the Mauritshuis collection. The identity of the girl in the painting remains a mystery, and her captivating gaze continues to fascinate art enthusiasts from around the world.
"The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp" by Rembrandt van Rijn: Painted in 1632, this masterpiece showcases Rembrandt's exceptional skill in capturing the play of light and shadow. The painting depicts a group of Amsterdam's most prominent physicians gathered around a dissected corpse, with Dr. Tulp demonstrating the dissection of a forearm.
"The Goldfinch" by Carel Fabritius: This small yet striking painting from 1654 depicts a goldfinch perched on its feeder. The exquisite detail and lifelike rendering of the bird have made this painting one of the most beloved works in the museum.
"The Laughing Boy" by Frans Hals: This joyful portrait from the 1620s exemplifies Hals' ability to capture the vitality and spontaneity of his subjects. The Laughing Boy's infectious laughter and the loose brushstrokes used to create his ruffled collar make this painting a standout piece in the collection.
In addition to these famous works, the Mauritshuis also houses numerous other masterpieces by artists such as Jan Steen, Paulus Potter, Peter Paul Rubens, and Anthony van Dyck.
The Mauritshuis Museum is open to the public from Tuesday to Sunday, with varying opening hours depending on the day. The museum offers guided tours, audio guides, and educational programs for visitors of all ages. Additionally, the museum hosts temporary exhibitions, concerts, and special events throughout the year.
The museum is easily accessible by public transportation, with several tram and bus stops nearby. There is also a public parking garage within walking distance of the museum. Visitors are advised to purchase tickets in advance through the Mauritshuis website, as the museum can be quite busy, especially during peak tourist season.
The Mauritshuis Museum is a must-visit destination for art lovers and anyone interested in the Dutch Golden Age. With its stunning collection of masterpieces, housed in a beautiful 17th-century building, the Mauritshuis offers a truly exceptional and unforgettable experience. Whether you are captivated by Vermeer's "Girl with a Pearl Earring" or intrigued by Rembrandt's "The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp," the Mauritshuis is sure to leave a lasting impression.Terug naar Top 10 museums